On this page all news are gathered what has been on Cosmologica. There are also links to some of the best permanent but frequently updated information sources on the Web about astronomy and astronautics.
Astronomy Picture of the Day: Here's a new picture presented and commented every day by a professional astronomer. Is one of the best sites on the net for the person with an interest in astronomy that wants the latest news about the Universe easily available.
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Here are all (the latest) news released by NASA.
The latest observations from HST are some of the most interesting information for the astronomical community.
When interesting photographs are taken on the southern hemisphere from the ground it is most often taken by European Southern Observatory and published on ESO Press Release and Photos.
Everything in the Universe is based on physics. An excellent source to news within physics is the AIP physics news update.
The Nobel Prize in Physics for 2010 has been awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene". (101107)
A journey from Himalaya on Planet Earth to the outskirts of the Universe and back is presented on Hayden Planetarium. Here it is also possible to download the software Partiview in order to make your own journey through the Milky Way. (101107)
The Nobel Prize in Physics for 2009 was awarded to on one half to Charles Kuen Kao "for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication" and on one half jointly to Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor". (091201)
The so far best picture of the star Betelgeuse has been taken by VLT and thanks to its relative closeness to us in relationship to its size it's possible to resolve its surface. Massive amounts of gas is ejected by the star which has left the main sequence and is a part of its death movements. (090809)
For the first time in history two artificial satellites has collided with each other. It's Iridium-33 and Cosmos-2251 that despite the extremely low probability has collided and caused large amount of debree arount the Earth. (090218)
2009 has been selected as The International Year of Astronomy because it's 400 years since Galileo Galilei pointed a telescope towards the sky for the first time. (090131)
The Nobel Prize in Physics for year 2008 goes in half to Yoichiro Nambu and Makoto Kboayashi and in half to Toshihide Maskawa "for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics" respectively "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature". (090131)
John Archibald Wheeler (1911-2008) died on the 13th of April. He's was of the last living giants that developed quantum mechanics in the 1930:ies and more than probably anyone else lived for the combination of quantum mechanics and general relativity. (080413)
The Nobel Prize in Physics of 2006 is awarded to John Mather and George Smoot "for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation". (061007)
It was decided by voting at the IAU conference in Prague the 24th of August that Pluto from now on NOT is a planet but a "dwarf planet". Some, mainly in the U.S. conciders continuing calling Pluto a planet. Pluto was discovered by the American Clyde Tombaugh. (060828)
The Field Medalj, the counterpart within mathematics to the Nobel Prize and also only is awarded every fourth year, was awarded at the IMU mathematical conference the 22th of August in Madrid to Andrei Okounkov (mathematical physics), Gregori Perelman (topology), Terance Tao (analysis) and Wendelin Werner (theory of probability). (060828)
The 2005 year Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded with one half to Roy Glauber "for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence" and one half jointly to John Hall and Theodor Hänsch "for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique" (051008).
Deep Impact collide an approximately 350 kg copper mass into the comet Tempel 1 on the 4th of July and studies the effekts of this (050618).
The space probe Cassini's biprobe Huygens landed on the Saturnus moon Titan's surface the 14th of January (050103).
The Nobel prize in Physics 2004 has been awarded to David Gross, David Politzer and Frank Wilczek jointly "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction" (041005).
Ansari X-prize, with a prize sum of ten million dollars, is winned by Mojave Aerospace Ventures as with the same spaceship, "Space Ship One", has reached height above the ground of at least 100 km twice within two weeks with a human pilot and a weight equivalent to two passengers (041004).
On GR17, the seventeenth conference about general relativity and gravitation, Stephen Hawking (1942- ) changed his official conception and presented evidence for that information is not destroyed when it falls into a black hole. He did at the same time loose a bet with John Preskill (040813).
The spaceprobe Cassini has entered orbit around Saturnus (040715).
A discussion forum has been opened where you can ask, answer questinons and discuss interesting topics within the frames of Cosmologica, i.e. astronomy, physics och scientific history! (040508).
Astronomers at VLT has beaten the Hubble Ultra Deep Field and set a new record by discovering a galaxy 13,2 billion light years away, that emitted its light when the Universe was about 500 million years old.
With the new Spitzer telescope astronomer has found Sedna, the first object belonging to the Oort cloud. See this video to better understand Sedna's position in the Solar system.
In three independent cases, astronomers has found evidence of that water has flowed on Mars via the cars Opportunity and Spirit on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Mission, and the ESA Mars Express.
Hubble Space Telescope has publiced the picture Hubble Ultra Deep Field, taken partly with the new Advanced Camera for Surveys, up to four times more sensitive than earlier instruments, and set a new record in finding the most distant galaxy 13 billion lightyears away. It emitted its light when the Universe was 700 million years old.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2003 has been awarded to Alexi Abrikosov, Vitaly Ginzburg and Anthony Leggett jointly "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids".
The satellite WMAP has refined the COBE microwave background measurements, and been able to determine the age of the Universe to 13,7 billon years with an accuracy of only one percent. The analysis of the data also says that the Universe is flat, consists of dark matter and energy to 96 % and a Hubble parameter of 71 km/s/MPc.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2002 has been awarded in one half to Riccardo Giacconi "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources" and the other half to Raymond Davis Jr and Masatoshi Koshiba jointly "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for detection of cosmic neutrinos".
The originator of the term "Big Bang", Fred Hoyle (1915-2001), has deceased.
The neutrino problem with the Sun has finally been solved by the construction of a new detector which it has been determined that the neutronos changes med Solen har äntligen lösts genom byggandet av ny detektor med vars hjälp man konstaterat att neutrinerna byter tillstånd.
Advances within quantum gravity has lead to a new formula for the speed of light considering the frequency and the constant of gravity.
The Fabry Perot interferometer in the gravitational wave detector LIGO Hanford has achieved phaselocking for the first time.
New moons of Saturn has been discovered.
The topology on the asteroid Eros has now been given names.
Joseph Weber (1919-2000), who first tried to detect gravitational waves using big metal rods and piezo electric crystals, has deceased.
Read about Laurent Schwartz (1915- ), a big mathematician and anticolonialist.
The most luminous comet, Linear, is approaching the inner parts of the Solar System and has split into fragments by unknown reasons.
Read about Paul Erdös (1913-1996), maybe the biggest personality within mathematics in the twentieth century.
The gravitational constant G has been measured ten times better than the past best measurement. The new value reads 6,67390*10^(-11) m^3/kg/s^2. The mass of Earth is thereby 5,97223*10^24 kg and for the Sun 1,98843*10^30 kg.
NEAR has entered into orbit around the asteroid 433 Eros the 14th of February and is thereby the first artificial satellite of an asteroid.
XMM-Newton has taken its first pictures and will compete with Chandra taking the best pictures in the x-ray spectrum for the next years.
According to physicists at KTH and St Andrews, it is possible to create so called "optical black holes" in laboratories by creating fast enough wirlpools in extreamly cold Bose-Einstein condensates where the speed of light only is a few meters per second. These would be analogue with "ordinary real" black holes and it would be possible to study Hawking radiation for example. Also "death holes", that absorbes sound, would be possible to achieve.
The second telescope of VLT, Kueyen, is approaching completion and has achieved first light.
The Nobel Prize in physics of 1999 goes to the Dutch physicists Gerard t'Hooft and Martinus Veltman "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics".
The first picture with the X-ray telescope Chandra, named after the astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, was recently published.
The total eclipse that passed over Europe was observed by the masses with shifting results. Many excellent pictures was taken at this event at the main office of ESO in Garching, Germany, where also this author resided.
Now has yet another biography been released by AIP, this time about Andrei Sacharov.
A good website of Werner Heisenberg has been started by AIP.
The first two modules of The international Space Station, Zarya och Unity, has been connected together.
The new instrument of VLT, ISAAC, has taken its first pictures.
Read more about the few but great "women of science".
This years meteor shower of the Leonids seems to become something extra. See for example the homepage of ESO or S&T.
The Nobel Prize in physics of 1998 has been awarded to Robert Laughlin, Horst Strömer och Daniel Tsui, all of them active in USA, "for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations".
NASA celibrated its 40th anniversary the first of October.
Pro citizen of city, Cambridge followed by Oxford and Geneve is the cities there most scientific articles has been produced during the years 1994-1996. Within the science of physics the corresponding list is Moscow, Paris, Geneve, St. Petersburg and Warsaw (Source: Science 21 August 1998).
Scientists at Ibariki University in Japan has been able to simulate the pattern at spiral galaxies in laboratory environment which indicates that fluid dynamical forces instead of gravitational forces controls the structure of spiral galaxies (Source: Ikehata et al, Physical Review Letters, 31th of August 1998).
The 27th of August, an intensive outbreak of gamma and x-ray radiation flowed through the Solar System and was detected by five different space spacecrafts. The radiation came from the object SGR 1900+14, probably a very magnetized neutron star called magnetar with a magnet field a trillion times stronger than on Earth.
The nineth of May 1998, the 2,5 meter telescope of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) took its first picture. During a timespan of five years 10 terabyte of data will be collected from a fourth of the area of the celestral sky. The distribution of galaxies will be studied in a way not performed before.
The first direct observation of a planet around another star has recently been made.
The first pictures with the European VLT has finally been made.
Recently the Mars Global Surveyor visited the area there Viking took the picture of the marsian face in 1976. This picture clearly shows that no alien has contributed to this formation.
The first of the four VLT telescopes in Chile is taken into operation. Read about the history of the telescoped up until now.
The swedish former Uppsala astronomer and author Peter Nilson (1937-1998) has deceased at an early age of 60 years old.
With the help of the space probe Lunar Prospector astronomers has recently showed that there exists ice on our Moon.
The American Astronomical Society has had a conference and lots of data with the Hubble Space telescope has been publiced.
The space probe Lunar Prospector was today (980106) ejected into space, and will during a time span of more than one year search for ice on the Moon. Onboard the probe is the cremated remains of Eugene Schumacher. His greatest wish was to become the first geologist on the Moon, a feat that went to Harrison Smidt..
The cosmologist David Schramm (1945-1997) has deceased after a crash in a small aircraft flown by himself.
The (double?) star Eta Carinae has interested many astronomers recently because of that this gigant star is in the final phases of its life and on its way towards a super nova explosion. The spectra is also very complex. Recently it has been discovered that Eta Carinae emits laser light .
Two new moons of Uranus, 1997 U1 and 1997 U2, has been discovered by astronomes at the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics and Cornell University. Now, the number of Uranus moons is seventeen.
The space probe Mars Global Surveyor has successfully entered orbit around Mars. A problem with an instrument arm has lead to delays of one year. The latest pictures are here.
The space probe Cassini was today sent up from Cape Caneveral and will together with the biprobe Huygens begin exploring Saturn in the year of 2004. (971015)
Steven Chu, William Phillips and Claud Cohen-Tannoudji has received the Nobel Prize in physics of 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light". Russian scientists claims to have been first..
Martin Schwarzschild (1912-1997) has deceased at an age of 85 years.
Eugene Schumacher (1928-1997), famous comet guru, geologist and part discoverer of the comet Schumacher-Levy 9, has perish in a car accident in Australia.
The cosmologist Robert Dicke (1916-1997) has deceased.
The space probe Mars Pathfinder lands on Mars. Will it find signs of primitive life?
Now, a gamma ray burst has probably been confirmed. They were discovered by the military satellite Vela for more than thirty years ago but has not gotten any reasonable explanation until now. It seems like they origins from cosmological distances. This must mean that enormous amounts of energy is released in events such as the merging of two neutron stars or black holes.
The space probe NEAR recently passed by the asteroid Mathilde. This is the biggest asteroid so far that has been studied from close distances..
A cloud of antimateria has been discovered at the center of the Milky Way.
Stephen Hawking recently admitted that he had lost the bet concerning Penroses conjecture about cosmic censorchip with John Preskill and Kip Thorne the 24th of September 1991. The prize was two t-shirts with a print that will cover the nakedness of Preskill and Thorne.
Clyde Thombaugh, the discoverer of the planet(?) Pluto, is dead.
Carl Sagan (1934-1996), the biggest opinion builder of USA within astronomy, has deceased at an ago of 62 år, one half year after his possibly biggest contribution , the movie version of his book "Contact", was finalised.
John Archibald Wheeler has received the 1997 year Wolf prize "for his contributions to the physics of black holes, quantum gravity and the theories of nuclear scattering and fission".